There’s no denying the fact that the proven approaches to back-end development are best in the long-term perspective. However, it’s always beneficial to keep track of the latest technological advancements in your industry to become agile.
Developers’ ability to work remotely and collaboratively using effective collaboration tools have been a key driver for their success. Development is a critical aspect of business and how they can fulfil strategic agility, so being aware of current software trends in software development is vital for entrepreneurs. The backend tech stack that has been most frequently used for 2020 and will continue in 2021 are:
Serverless applications are better described as the collection of functions that are executed and scaled by cloud computing services, like Google Cloud, Amazon Lambda, or Microsoft Azure. They are billed in response to the exact demand at the moment. Since resources get allocated exclusively for the exact load (1 request/hour, 10 000 requests/hour, etc.), money is charged based on the actual load, and not for a server’s operation time as it was before.
With Cloud Functions, you write one for the infrequent task of image processing and deploy it. Once there’s some work for it, the cloud service allocates all necessary resources, calls the function, returns the results, and releases all it allocated. This way you pay only for the resources and the time it took for the function to get executed. No more, no less.
Mobile applications have been notifying their users of important events with push notiﬁcations for years. Now it’s the web’s turn to adopt this technology. Even though this kind of notification requires users to have their browser open, they don’t have to be on the application page itself to receive pushes. It’s a great way for the site owners to keep their audience up to date.
#Front end and back end separation
The gist of this trend is in splitting front-end presentation from the purely JSON API. On the one hand, it lets back-end developers focus on the core business logic and provision of data to whoever calls the API. On the other hand, developers of client apps are free to choose whatever framework and technology stack ﬁts the requirements of the product best, be it a web application, a native mobile app, or a desktop one.
#Trending languages: Python, Ruby
One of the major trends in software development of this year is the rocketing popularity of Python as a back-end programming language. Many companies are choosing it because of its clean syntax and the abundance of development tools. It’s best described as a language for applications that scale great horizontally, perfect for data science, visualization, and whenever you need to have full control of your environment.
#Integration with virtual assistants (VA)
Recently, a new software trend has appeared to provide your web application search results or services through integration with VAs. A developer could add integration with such an assistant platform to let users interact with their web applications. Of course, not all applications ﬁt this schema of interaction, but many do, for example, navigation, entertainment, ﬁtness, and much more.
Software development is constantly happening. Therefore, by taking the best from the latest tendencies and trends, you can not only ensure that your work is of top-quality, but also know it corresponds with modern tech standards.
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